Last updated: 27.11.18
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Military spending

According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, global military spending now exceeds 1.3 trillion dollars.
Source: Aric McBay, “Civilization and other hazards”, in “Deep Green Resistance”.

Murder and male violence

A new report shows that, worldwide, about 137 women are murdered every day by men who they know. Fifty eight per cent of women killed in 2017 were killed by partners or family members.
Source: Feminist Current

95 per cent of all violence committed against both men and women is committed by men.
Source: Caitlin Roper, Reclaim the Night Speech; ABC; Australian Bureau of Statistics

“Women commit perhaps one-tenth of all murders, and less than one tenth of one percent of all mass shootings. When one removes from the pool of killers all women who struck back against abusive strangers and partners alike, only to be punished for their self-defense, the number drops further. To deny the specifically male nature of atrocity is to fool oneself.”
Source: Jonah Mix,Mass Killers Don’t Have a Warped View of Masculinity — Liberal Men Do”

In March 2016 alone, 175 women were killed by men in the United States – more than five women per day.
55% were killed with guns.
The killers have not been identified for 38% of these women.
40% of these women were killed by their current or former partner.
17% were killed by other family members or men known to them.
Source: Count Dead Women USA

“5,000 honour killings… take place, worldwide, each year.”
Source: Jasvinder Sanghera, “Shame”

“Did you know that the suicide rate among young Asian women in Britain is three times the national average? I believe that many of them, like Robina, are driven to kill themselves; it’s just a cleaner, more convenient form of murder.”
Source: Jasvinder Sanghera, “Shame”

58 women died violently in Australia between January 1, 2018 and November 3, 2018.
Source: Counting Dead Women Australia


Globally, ten million girls are sold into marriage every single year. That is 25,000 girls per day, with more than one third of all child brides in India.
Source: Graça Machel and Mary Robinson, “Girls Not Brides”, in Minky Worden (ed.) “Unfinished Revolution”, 2012

Worldwide there are 51 million girls between 15 and 19 years old who are married.
In West Africa, South Asia, East and Central Africa 30 per cent or more of girls aged 15-19 are already married.
The percentage of girls who are married before age 18 is:
Niger: 82 per cent
Bangladesh: 75 per cent
Nepal: 63 per cent
Cameroon: 62 per cent
India: 57 per cent
Uganda: 50 per cent
The number of girls expected to marry before 18 in the decade after 2003 is 100 million.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

In Afghanistan, increased child marriage is the result of the privations suffered through the last decade [2000-2010 decade] of conflict. The Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission estimates that 57 per cent of marriages involve girls under the legal marriage of of 16.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

There has been a rise in temporary marriages in Iraq, which is worrying women’s rights campaigners who say that 300 occur daily in the three main cities in the south of the country, Kerbala, Najaf and Basra, the main Shi’ite cities.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

Female genital mutilation

It is estimated that more than 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone female genital mutilation in the countries where the practice is concentrated. Furthermore, there are an estimated 3 million girls at risk of undergoing female genital mutilation every year.
Source: WHO

FGM is forced on 98% of girls born in Somalia.
Source: Hibo Wardere, “Cut”, 2016

The power of manufactured consent: only 33% of girls in Somalia are reported to be supportive of FGM abolition.
Source: Hibo Wardere, “Cut”, 2016


Prostitution is by far the deadliest situation a woman can be in. For women and girls in prostitution, the death rate is 40 times higher than the average. No group of women, regardless of career or life situation, has as high a mortality rate as prostitution.
Source: Kasja Ekis Ekman, “Being and Being Bought”, 2013

In 2003, a survey carried out among 800 prostituted people in 9 countries (Canada, Colombia, Germany, Mexico, South Africa, Germany, Thailand, Turkey, the USA, and Zambia) revealed that:
71 per cent had experienced physical assault while in prostitution
63 per cent had been raped while engaged in prostitution
89 per cent said they wanted to leave prostitution and said they would if they had the possibility
68 per cent met the criteria for a diagnosis of post traumatic stress disorder
Source: Prostitution Research and Education

Up to 95 per cent of women in street prostitution have a problematic drug addiction.
Source: Kat Banyard, “Pimp State”, 2016

According to Wikipedia, there are between 40 and 42 million prostituted persons globally. Estimates put the percentage of women between 80% and 98%. 99% of punters are men.
Source: Wikipedia, NZPC

In 2004, the prostitution trade was estimated to be worth 6 billion euros. The figure is now thought to be more than double that.
Source: Kat Banyard, “Pimp State”, 2016

Governments profit from prostitution; multinational companies organize it; it is even listed on the Australian stock exchange… The ILO estimates profits from trafficking alone to be 28.7 billion USD per year.
Source: Kasja Ekis Ekman, “Being and Being Bought”, 2013

Worldwide, sex trafficking alone generates US$32 billion a year.
Source: Siddharth Kara, “Sex Trafficking”, 2009

“Only 4.2 percent of the world’s slaves are trafficked sex slaves, but they generate 39.1 percent of slaveholders’ profits. To benchmark the astounding profits generated by the exploiters of sex slaves, one need look no further than the fact that the global weighted average net profit margin of almost 70 percent makes it one of the most profitable enterprises in the world. By comparison, Google’s net profit margin in 2006 was 29.0 percent, and it is one of the most profitable companies in the United States.”
“Drug trafficking generates greater dollar revenues, but trafficked women are more profitable. Unlike a drug, a human female can be used by the customer again and again.”
Source: Siddharth Kara, “Sex Trafficking”, 2009

In Germany alone, the prostitution industry involves – on a daily basis – 400,000 prostituted women and 1.2 million male buyers at a calculated annual value of 6 billion euros.
Source: Kasja Ekis Ekman, “Being and Being Bought”, 2013

Of 202 punters interviewed by researchers in Boston, 41 per cent said they knew that women they had paid for sex were under the control of a pimp.
Source: Kat Banyard, “Pimp State”, 2016

A report on Kenyan sex tourism has revealed that up to 30 per cent of teenagers in some Kenyan coastal areas are prostituted. Many enter the sex trade as young as eight or nine.
Source: UNICEF


The average age of death for women in pornography is 37.
Source: Pornography FAQ

A report from an IT research company in 2002 forecast that profits from pornographic materials transmitted to mobile phones in the USA would reach an annual US$4 billion by 2006, out of a “total porn spend of US$70 billion”.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “Beauty and Misogyny”, 2005

In Denmark, pornography is estimated to be the third largest industry in financial terms… the country was the cradle of the ‘sexual revolution’ which decensored pornography and ushered in the commercialization of women’s sexual subordination.
The number of hardcore pornography titles produced increased from 1,300 in 1988 to 12,000 in 2004 and 13,588 in 2005.
The big mainstream pornography distribution companies had considerable incomes.
Playboy earned  US$331,100,000 in 2006; Beate Uhse earned US$271 million.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

Pornography is now so mainstream that it forms a very lucrative sector of the business of respectable mainstream companies such as General Motors, which sells more pornography films anually than the Hustler chain. General Motors previously owned DirecTV, a pornography distributor, which is now owned by Rupert Murdoch.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

In 2007, pornography revenue for the US was estimated at $13.33 billion, which is higher than the total revenue of the media corporations ABC, NBC and CBS.
Top Ten Reviews estimated that the industry was worth US$97.06 billion worldwide, which is more than the combined revenue of the top 10 web technology companies such as Microsoft, Google and Amazon.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

In 2007 there were 4.2 million porn websites, which constituted 12% of all websites, and 420 million web pages of pornography.
Internet sales of porn were estimated to be worth $4.9 billion.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

The average porn site has 50 terabytes of pornography on it, where 1 terabyte is 500 hours. That means that the average porn site has 25,000 hours of porn, which is about three consecutive years of pornography.
There are approximately 11 and a half million hours of porn online.
20% of it is “teen porn”.
Source: Pornography FAQ using figures above from Jeffreys, 2009.

According to the 2007 study mentioned above, by country, the largest number of pornography webpages originated in
The US, with 244,661,900, followed by
Germany, with 10,030,200
The UK, with 8,506,800
Australia, with 5,655,800
Japan, with 2,700,800
The Netherlands, with 1,883,800
Russia, with 1,080,600
Poland, with 1,049,600
Spain, with 852,800
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

In the American hotel system, 40 per cent of rooms have pay-per-view pornography, which accounts for 50 per cent of the videos watched. This is worth $200 million per year.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

In 2000, phone sex alone generated between $750 million and $1 billion in revenues in the US, with as much as 50 per cent being retained by Us long-distance telephone carriers.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

88% of pornography contains physical violence against women.
Source: Gail Dines, “Pornland”, 2010

Around 50% of prostituted women have had pornography made of them.
Source: Pornography FAQ

By age 14, 90% of boys have sought and masturbated to pornography.
Source: Gail Dines, “Pornland”, 2010

Strip clubs

The strip club industry is estimated to be worth US$75 billion worldwide.
One media report in 2006 estimated the US industry to be worth more than baseball, saying: ‘$4 billion a year is spent by men on baseball, the national pastime. Compare that to $15 billion a year spent by men at strip clubs.’
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

In 2002, there were 200 lap dancing clubs in the UK.
A 2003 media report estimated the annual turnover of UK lap dancing clubs at 300 million pounds, and commented that ‘they are one of the fastest growing elements in the UK’s leisure services industry.
In the US in 2005, there were an estimated 3,000 clubs employing 300,000 women.
In 2006, the strip club industry was estimated to be worth 22.1 million per year to the Scottish economy alone.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade”, 2009

Beauty industry

The global beauty industry was estimated by The Economist in May 2003 to be worth US$160 billion.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “Beauty and Misogyny”, 2005

In the nineteenth century there was no mass market of beauty products.
“Between 1909 and 1929 the number of American perfume and cosmetics manufacturers nearly doubled, and the factory value of their products rose tenfold, from $14.2 million to nearly $141 million”.
Source: Peiss, quoted in Sheila Jeffreys, “Beauty and Misogyny”, 2005

Cosmetics industry sales grew from $7 billion in 1970 to $28 billion in 1994 in the USA.
Source: Sheila Jeffreys, “Beauty and Misogyny”, 2005


At a clinic in Anand in northern India, women give birth to Western children. White women’s eggs are inseminated with white men’s sperm, and the embryo is implanted in the wombs of Indian women… After giving birth to the children, the Indian women surrender them. They sign a contract and receive between 2,500 and 6,500 USD the moment they give up responsibility for the child they just gave birth to. For the women, most of whom are poor and from nearby villages, the payment can be up to the equivalent of ten years’ salary. The buyers are typically American, European, Australian, Japanese or wealthy Indians
Source: Kasja Ekis Ekman, “Being and Being Bought”, 2013

In 2006 analysts estimated the value of the Indian surrogate industry at 449 million USD, due to its high potential for future growth.
Source: Kasja Ekis Ekman, “Being and Being Bought”, 2013

The egg provider may curse the sickness and discomfort caused by the drugs that often severely intefere with her daily life and work, but, if she is paid between $US5,000 and 10,000 (or more) per egg retrieval, as is customary in the USA, the prospect of good money will make her grit her teeth and ignore the pain.
Source: Renate Klein, “Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation”, 2017

A study of surrogate mothers in Anand, India, revealed that 50 percent were illiterate and that many could not read the contract that they were signing.
Source: European Women’s Lobby

Approximately 12,000 foreigners come to India each year to hire surrogates, many of them from the UK. The suroogacy trade is worth an estimated US$1billion or £690m a year in India. Surrogates are paid about £4,500 to rent their wombs at this particular clinic, a huge amount in a country where, in 2012, average monthly earnings stood at $215 and a fifth of people live below the national poverty line. Clinics can make up to £18,000 from commissioning parents.
Source: Guardian

Pregnancy and motherhood

Every year, 350,000 women and girls die of pregnancy, childbirth and unsafe abortions. Three quarters of these deaths are preventable.
Source: Minky Worden (ed.) “Unfinished Revolution”, 2012

50,000 – 100,000 new incidents of fistula (damaged tissue between vagina and bladder causing incontinence) are detected annually.
Source: Minky Worden (ed.) “Unfinished Revolution”, 2012

Preference for boys

In 1990, Amartya Sen estimated that there are 100 million “missing women” globally, because of sex-selective abortions, female infanticide, and inadequate healthcare and nutrition for female children.
Source: “Missing Women” entry, Wikipedia.


The Guttmacher Institute estimates 56 million induced abortions occur each year worldwide.

The global annual rate of abortion for all women of reproductive age (15–44) was estimated to be 35 per 1,000 in 2014, which is a reduction from the 1990–1994 rate of 40 per 1,000. The estimated global abortion rate in 2014 was 35 per 1,000 for married women and 26 per 1,000 for unmarried women.

Women in developing regions have a higher likelihood of having an abortion than those in developed regions — 36 vs. 27 per 1,000.

Globally, 25% of all pregnancies end in abortion. Of all abortions, an estimated 55% are safe (i.e., done using a recommended method and by an appropriately trained provider);
31% are less safe (meet either method or provider criterion);
14% are least safe (meet neither criterion).
The more restrictive the legal setting, the higher the proportion of abortions that are least safe—ranging from less than 1% in the least-restrictive countries to 31% in the most-restrictive countries.
Source: The Guttmacher Institute, with thanks to Anna McCormack

When allowed by law, abortion in the developed world is one of the safest procedures in medicine.
When performed legally and safely, induced abortions do not increase the risk of long-term mental or physical problems.
In contrast, unsafe abortions (those performed by unskilled individuals, with hazardous equipment, or in unsanitary facilities) cause 47,000 deaths and 5 million hospital admissions each year.
The World Health Organization recommends safe and legal abortions be available to all women.
Source: Wikipedia

More than 95% of abortions in Africa and Latin America are performed under unsafe circumstances, as are almost 60% of abortions in Asia, excluding China.
54% of all unsafe abortion-related deaths occur in Africa. In addition to the over 70 000 women who die from unsafe abortion each year, 5 million women suffer temporary or permanent disability due to complications of unsafe abortion.
Source: Iqbal Shah and Elisabeth Åhman, “Unsafe Abortion: Global and Regional Incidence, Trends, Consequences, and Challenges.”

An estimated 93% of women of reproductive age in Africa live in countries with restrictive abortion laws.
Abortion is not permitted for any reason in 10 out of 54 African countries.
Source: The Guttmacher Institute

Latin America and the Caribbean
In Latin America and the Caribbean, abortion is not permitted for any reason in six countries (Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Suriname). Nine others allow it almost exclusively to save the woman’s life, with only some offering limited exceptions for rape (Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Panama) and grave fetal anomaly (Chile, Panama and almost half of the states of Mexico).
Source: The Guttmacher Institute

In 2006, Nicaragua adopted a penal code that completely banned abortion, even in cases of rape, incest, life- or health-threatening pregnancies, or severe fetal impairment.
Under Nicaragua’s criminal code, women and girls who terminate pregnancies face sentences of up to two years in prison, and medical professionals can be sentenced to up to six years for providing abortions.
The Nicaraguan government has published little data on enforcement of the abortion ban, and no information on the health effects, including on maternal mortality.
A 2016 report, drawing on the scant data that exists, concluded that between 2003 and 2013, some 290 people were denounced (accused in a police report or complaint) or detained pursuant to the abortion ban.
Source: Human Rights Watch (see also: Honduras, El Salvador.)

“Brazil is a world leader in illegal abortions: One [1997] study placed the number at 1.5 million per year, approximately the same number as are legally performed in the United States, whose population is about 100 million more than that of Brazil.”
Source: Jane Jaquette (ed.), The Women’s Movement in Latin America

Every day 13 women die in India due to unsafe abortion-related causes. Nearly 6.4 million pregnancies are terminated every year in India. Unsafe abortion, the third leading cause of maternal deaths in the country, contributes eight per cent of all such deaths annually.
Source: India Today

Every two hours a woman dies in India because of an abortion that goes horribly wrong.
Source: BBC

Sexual division of labour

While “the farmer” generally conjures an image of a man, women produce over half of the world’s food – in Africa, 60-80 per cent.
Eighty per cent of all domestic workers are women.
Source: Cynthia Enloe, “The Big Push”, 2017

72% of women migrant workers are Asian – mainly domestic workers and in prostitution.
Source: Yayori Matsui, “Women in the New Asia”, 2000


Indigenous women are currently the fastest growing incarcerated group: that is true in Canada, the U.S., Australia and New Zealand, where women are being incarcerated for crimes associated with poverty, like welfare fraud. In New Zealand, Arohata Women’s Prison is overflowing, so that some women have been placed in a self-contained unit at a nearby men’s prison; the women’s prison in South Auckland is bursting to the point that plans are being made to sleep some prisoners in the District Court holding cells. In the States, women can be charged for self defense, miscarriage and abortion.